Currency trading, is also known as FX trading, It is exchange of currencies between two parties at an agreed price. The trading parties may be financial institutions, multi-national corporations, banks, central banks, hedge funds, money changers, insurance companies, speculators, or individual traders. Currency trading is done in pairs. A currency pair consists of a base and a quote currency – for example, the currency pair of EUR/USD consists of EUR, which represents the base currency, and USD which represents the quote currency. The exchange rate of EUR/USD at 1.1630 simply means that to own one euro, you need the equivalent of 1.1630 in US dollars.
The ultimate goal of FX trading is to identify the correct direction of the markets. It’s all about buying a financial instrument low and closing the position higher, or selling a financial instrument high and closing the position lower.
To begin, traders choose a trading platform to trade currencies on. There are many different trading platforms to choose from, including MetaTrader, Trading Station, Ninjatrader and Zulutrade.
Once the trader identifies a trend in the market, they place a buy or sell order on their preferred trading platform. If the trader expects a currency pair to rise, they place a buy order to profit from the increase. If a trader expects the opposite, they will place a sell order, to benefit from the fall. Because the Forex market is decentralized, currencies are traded in financial centers across the globe, in New York, London, Frankfurt, Tokyo, and Sydney.